Dobrynya 1a

Nom de naissance Dobrynya
Nom de naissance Добрыня
Identifiant Gramps I2572
Genre masculin


Dobrynya (Russian: Добрыня) was Vladimir the Great's maternal uncle and tutor who was later transformed into the invincible bogatyr Dobrynya Nikitich in the East-Slavic folklore.

Dobrynya's life and extent of his influence on Vladimir are shrouded in speculation and controversy. It is fairly certain that his sister Malusha was Vladimir's mother. It is also generally accepted that Dobrynya's posadnik dynasty in Novgorod was continued by his son Konstantin Dobrynich and grandson Ostromir.

According to the Novgorod chronicles, it was at his urging that Svyatoslav I sent his illegitimate son, Vladimir, to govern Novgorod, with Dobrynya as his tutor. Nine years later, Dobrynya persuaded Vladimir to wrest Kiev from his brother Yaropolk. On their way to Kiev, Yaropolk's bride, Rogneda of Polotsk, offended Dobrynya by calling his sister a "bondswoman". Dobrynya took his revenge by arranging Rogneda's rape by Vladimir.

After Vladimir's enthronment in Kiev, Dobrynya returned to rule Novgorod in his name. He accompanied his nephew in the 985 expedition against Volga Bulgaria and, following his lead, erected an idol of Perun on the bank of the Volkhov River. After the Baptism of Kiev, he is said to have forced the Novgorodians into Christianity "by fire". Vasily Tatishchev wrote that Dobrynya, along with Bishop Ioakim Korsunianin, faced a violent, pagan mob which burned Dobrynya's house and killed his wife and several other family members.

[source Wikipedia]


Relation avec la souche Nom Date de naissance Date de décès Relation dans la famille (si différent de la naissance)
Père M? [I2570]
Mère ? ? [I2571]
    La sœur (germaine)     Malusha [I2569]

Arbre généalogique

  1. M? [I2570]
    1. ? ? [I2571]
      1. Malusha [I2569]
      2. Dobrynya

Références des sources

  1. Wikipedia [S0052]
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