Offa des Angles 1 2

Nom de naissance Offa des Angles
Nom de naissance Uffo
Nom de naissance Uffe
Identifiant Gramps I6147
Genre masculin
Âge au décès inconnu


Événement Date Lieu Description Sources
Naissance [E11794]        

Les objets référencés par cette note ont été référencés mais sont absents, c'est pourquoi ils ont été créés quand vous avez utilisé la vérification et la réparation de l'arbre à la date du 14.04.2016 19:23:56.

Décès [E8178] vers 450      


Relation avec la souche Nom Date de naissance Date de décès Relation dans la famille (si différent de la naissance)
Père Wermund des Angles [I6149]
         Offa des Angles [I6147] vers 450


    Famille de Offa des Angles et Modthryth [F3188]
Mariés Femme Modthryth [I6148] ( * + ... )
Nom Naissance Décès
Angeltheow des Angles [I6146]vers 477


Offa (fl. c.450), also Uffo or Uffe, was the (possibly mythical) 4th-great-grandfather of Creoda of Mercia, and was reputed to be a great-grandson of Woden. Whether historical or mythical, Offa was the son of Wermund, and the father of Angeltheow.
He was the most famous hero of the early Angles (Anglii in Latin). He is said by the Old English poem Widsith to have ruled over Angel, and the poem refers briefly to his victorious single combat, a story which is related at length by the Danish historians Saxo and Svend Aagesen.
Offa also successfully conquered the Myrgings a clan of Saxon origin by slaying two Myrging princes in combat and installing himself as their king, The Myrgings were then absorbed by the Angles within a century though this new title as 'King' was soon abolished by Angeltheow a son of Offa.

Offa is said to have been dumb or silent during his early years. His aged and blind father, King Wermund believed him to be a simpleton and in order to preserve his son's position as king had him marry the daughter of Freawine (a neighbouring warlord/king) so that Freawine would assist Offa when he became king. However, the plans did not come to pass, as Freawine was killed by a marauding Viking warlord (a Swede called Atisl). Wermund subsequently raised Freawine's sons Ket and Wig as his own. The two would eventually cause great dishonour to the Angles when they ambushed Atisl in a forest as he walked alone and slew him. The surrounding peoples began to mock the Angles, accusing them of cowardice and dishonour. Eventually the neighbouring Saxons decided that Wermund was too weak to resist their requests for him to surrender his kingdom, and they sent their emissaries to Wermund's court. There they proceeded to mock the blind man, prompting Wermund to challenge their king to a duel — but the king stated that he would not fight a blind man. It was then that Offa regained his speech, and revealed that his silence had been caused by the great dishonour involved in Atisl's death. He promptly challenged the prince of the Saxons and one of his champions to a duel in order to regain the honour of the Angles.
Offa's combat took place at Rendsburg on an island in the Eider River, and Offa succeeded in killing both his opponents. According to Widsith, Offa's opponents belonged to a tribe or dynasty called Myrgingas, but both accounts state that he won a great kingdom as the result of his victory. A somewhat corrupt version of the same story is preserved in the Vitae duorum Offarum, where, however, the scene is transferred to England.

It is very probable that the Offa whose marriage with Modþryð, a lady of murderous disposition, is mentioned in Beowulf, is the same person.

[source Wikipedia]

Arbre généalogique

  1. Wermund des Angles [I6149]
    1. Offa des Angles
      1. Modthryth [I6148]
        1. Angeltheow des Angles [I6146]


Références des sources

  1. Wikipedia + TharkunColl: Liste des rois de Mercie / Mercia (Wikipedia) [S0168]
  2. Wikipedia [S0052]