Estrid des Obotrites 1a

Nom de naissance Estrid des Obotrites
Nom de naissance Astrid des Obotrites
Nom de naissance Estrid av obotritterne
Identifiant Gramps I2101
Genre féminin
Âge au décès environ 56 ans

Événements

Événement Date Lieu Description Sources
Naissance [E3256] vers 979      
Décès [E3257] 1035      

Familles

    Famille de Olof III Skötkonung de Suède et Estrid des Obotrites [F0899]
Mariés Mari Olof III Skötkonung de Suède [I2102] ( * 980 + 1022 )
  Enfants
Nom Naissance Décès
Ingigerd [I2099]entre 1048 et 1050

Anecdote

OlofIII de Suède épousa en union légitime la fille d'un prince des Abodrites du Mecklembourg connue seulement sous le nom scandinave d'Estrid avec qui il eut deux autres enfants :

Anund né vers 1007, la veille de la St Jacques, et qui fut baptisé pour cela sous le nom chrétien de Jakob malgré les réticences de ses sujets qui déclarèrent que " jamais un roi des Svear ne s'était appelé ainsi" et qui lui succéda à sa mort.
Ingigerd (+1050) un moment fiancée au roi norvégien Olaf Haraldsson Digre (le Gros) elle épousa finalement Jarzleifr (Iaroslav le Sage), le fils de Valdimar (Vladimir le Saint) prince de Kiev-Novgorod.

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Estrid (or Astrid) of the Obotrites (ca. 979 – 1035), was a Medieval and Viking age Swedish Queen consort and West Slavic Princess, married to Olof Skötkonung, the King of Sweden, ca. 1000–1022, mother of king Anund Jacob of Sweden and the Russian Saint and Queen (Grand Princess) Ingegerd Olofsdotter.

Legend says that Estrid was taken back to Sweden from a war in the West Slavic area of Mecklenburg as a war-price. She was most likely given by her father, a tribal chief of the Polabian Obotrites, as a peace offering in a marriage to seal the peace, and she is thought to have brought with her a great dowry, as a great Slavic influence is represented in Sweden from her time, mainly among craftsmen.

Her husband also had a mistress, Edla, who came from the same area in Europe as herself, and who was possibly taken to Sweden at the same time. The king treated Edla and Estrid the same way and gave his son and his two daughters with Edla the same privilegies as the children he had with Estrid, though it was Estrid he married and made Queen.

Queen Estrid was baptised with her husband, their children and large numbers of the Swedish royal court in 1008, when the Swedish royal family converted to Christianity, although the king promised to respect the freedom of religion - Sweden was not to be Christian until the last religious war between Inge the Elder and Blot-Sweyn of 1084-1088.

Snorre Sturlasson wrote about her, that Estrid was unkind to the children (Emund, Astrid and Holmfrid) of her husband's mistress Edla; " Queen Estrid was arrogant and not kind towards her stepchildren, and therefore the king sent his son Emund to Vendland, where he was brought up by his maternal relatives".

Not much is known of Estrid as a person. Snorre Sturlasson mentions her as a lover of pomp and luxury, and as hard and strict towards her servants

[source Wikipedia]

Anecdote

Legend says that Estrid was taken back to Sweden from a war in the West Slavic area of Mecklenburg as a war-price. She was most likely given by her father, a tribal chief of the Polabian Obotrites, as a peace offering in a marriage to seal the peace, and she is thought to have brought with her a great dowry, as a great Slavic influence is represented in Sweden from her time, mainly among craftsmen.

Her husband also had a mistress, Edla, who came from the same area in Europe as herself, and who was possibly taken to Sweden at the same time. The king treated Edla and Estrid the same way and gave his son and his two daughters with Edla the same privilegies as the children he had with Estrid, though it was Estrid he married and made Queen.

Queen Estrid was baptised with her husband, their children and large numbers of the Swedish royal court in 1008, when the Swedish royal family converted to Christianity, although the king promised to respect the freedom of religion - Sweden was not to be Christian until the last religious war between Inge the Elder and Blot-Sweyn of 1084-1088.

Snorre Sturlasson wrote about her, that Estrid was unkind to the children (Emund, Astrid and Holmfrid) of her husband's mistress Edla; " Queen Estrid was arrogant and not kind towards her stepchildren, and therefore the king sent his son Emund to Vendland, where he was brought up by his maternal relatives".

Not much is known of Estrid as a person. Snorre Sturlasson mentions her as a lover of pomp and luxury, and as hard and strict towards her servants.

[source Wikipedia]

Arbre généalogique

    1. Estrid des Obotrites
      1. Olof III Skötkonung de Suède [I2102]
        1. Ingigerd [I2099]

Références des sources

  1. Wikipedia [S0052]
      • Page : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estrid_of_the_Obotrites